To report patency rates for stent deployment for treatment of in-stent stenosis of the central veins of the chest in hemodialysis patients.
A retrospective analysis was performed on 29 patients who underwent 35 secondary percutaneous transluminal stent (PTS) deployments for in-stent stenosis within the central veins that were refractory to angioplasty and ipsilateral to a functioning hemodialysis access (in-stent PTS group). For comparison, patency data were acquired for 47 patients who underwent 78 successful percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) procedures for in-stent stenosis (in-stent PTA group) and 55 patients who underwent 55 stent deployments within native central vein stenosis refractory to angioplasty (native vein PTS group).
The 3-, 6-, and 12-month primary lesion patency for the in-stent PTS group was 73%, 57%, and 32%, respectively. The 3-, 6-, and 12-month primary patency for the in-stent PTA group was 70%, 38%, and 17% and for the native vein PTS group was 78%, 57%, and 26%, which were similar to the in-stent PTS group (p = 0.20 and 0.41, respectively). The 3-, 6-, and 12-month secondary access patency was 91%, 73%, and 65% for the in-stent PTS group. Sub-analysis of the in-stent PTS group revealed no difference in primary (p = 0.93) or secondary patency rates (p = 0.27) of bare metal stents (n = 23) compared with stent grafts (n = 12).
Stent deployment for central vein in-stent stenosis refractory to angioplasty was associated with reasonable patency rates, which were similar to in-stent PTA and native vein PTS.
J Vasc Access 2017; 18(3): 214 - 219
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsJames Ronald, Bradley Davis, Carlos J. Guevara, Waleska M. Pabon-Ramos, Tony P. Smith, Charles Y. Kim
- • Accepted on 23/01/2017
- • Available online on 20/04/2017
- • Published in print on 15/05/2017
This article is available as full text PDF.
- Ronald, James [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Davis, Bradley [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Guevara, Carlos J. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 2
- Pabon-Ramos, Waleska M. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Smith, Tony P. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1
- Kim, Charles Y. [PubMed] [Google Scholar] 1, * Corresponding Author (email@example.com)
Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC - USA
Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, St Louis, MO - USA