Advertisement

Morphologic and functional vessels characteristics assessed by ultrasonography for prediction of radiocephalic fistula maturation

Abstract

Purpose: Although native radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (RCAVF) is the best vascular access for hemodialysis (HD), a major obstacle to increase its use is high frequency of fistulas that fail to mature. The aim of this study was to investigate and define cut-off values of morphologic and functional vessel parameters influencing successful RCAVF maturation using ultrasound. 
Methods: A prospective, observational study was performed on 122 patients (66 men) who underwent primary RCAVF creation. Internal diameters of cephalic vein (CVd) and radial artery (ARd), venous distensibility (VD), resistance index (RI) and endothelial function by flow mediated dilatation (FMD) were determined by ultrasound examination before AVF placement. AVF maturation was observed by measuring blood flow (Qa) and CVd 0, 14 and 28 days after creation. Depending on the time when AVFs attained maturity (Qa ≥500 mL/min, CVd ≥5 mm), patients were divided into three groups: (i) successful maturation (after four weeks), (ii) prolonged maturation (within eight weeks) and (iii) failure to mature. 
Results: Only 11% of patients failed to achieve a mature RCAVF. Successful AVF maturation occurred in 53% of patients and prolonged maturation in 36% of patients. ROC analysis defined the limits ​​of variables relevant for RCAVF success (CVd >1.8 mm, ARd >1.6 mm, VD >0.4 mm). Female sex was associated with prolonged maturation (OR 0.35, 95% CI=0.17-0.72; P=0.005) having a significantly smaller ARd (1.83 vs. 2.01 mm, P=0.01) but better FMD (2981.5 vs. 2689.5, P=0.02) compared to men. 
Conclusions: ARd ≤1.6 mm, CVd ≤1.8 mm and VD ≤0.4 mm are exact cut-off points, which best predict nonmaturation of RCAVF. Women need extended time for adequately matured AVF.

J Vasc Access 2013; 14(4): 356 - 363

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/jva.5000163

Authors

Tamara K. Jemcov

Article History

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.

Authors

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

No supplementary material is available for this article.